Medieval Naming Guides: Mongol

Mongol Names

The Mongols ruled a vast area of land, stretching from Russia and the Middle East to China. More information about Turkic and Central Asian naming practices, which are related to the naming practices of some of the Mongols, may be found in the Islamic and Central Asian sections of this Archive.

Mongolian Naming Practices, by Marta as tu Mika-Mysliwy.
Originally published in the 1998 KWHS, updated in 2010. Contains detailed discussion on Mongolian naming practices, along with a pronunciation guide, lists of men's and women's names, and clan/tribal names, along with information about epithets and titles.

Die Personennamen und Titel der mittelmongolischen Dokumente, by Volker Rybatzki.
A doctoral dissertation on Middle Mongolian names and titles. The text is in German, but many etymologies are in English. The name list starts on p. 37 of the PDF; codes beginning with O indicate evidence from medieval sources, while codes beginning with E mark discussion of etymology.

Middle Mongol Grammar for SCA Names, by Ursula Georges.
Grammar for Mongol bynames and personal descriptions, including descriptive bynames, tribal or clan bynames, and patronymic descriptions.

Names of The Secret History of the Mongols, by H. Daveno.
A list of names extracted from Paul Kahn, The Secret History of the Mongols, the origin of Chingis Khan (San Francisco: North Point Press, 1984), an edition of a 13th century manuscript. Another translation of this source, Francis Woodman Cleaves, The Secret History of the Mongols, was published by Harvard University Press, 1982. The web article includes masculine names, feminine names, and titles; with some notes about meanings of names and about the individuals identified. Note that at least some spellings in literary Mongolian are ambiguous, and therefore some of these transliterations, though perfectly acceptable, may be somewhat inaccurate representations of the original pronunciations.

Mongol Women's Names, by Jessica Bonner.
A short list of women's names culled from secondary sources ranging from the 12th to the 17th century.

Mongol Names in 13th Century Latin, by Mari Elspeth nic Bryan
A list of Mongol given names as recorded in a 13th century Latin document.

Researching Mongol Names in the SCA, by Gülügjab Tangghudai
A review of sources for Mongol names, with notes on linguistics and possible name structure. The discussion of SCA sources is very helpful; the discussion of linguistics does not always distinguish between modern and medieval Mongolian practice, so this article alone may not give enough information to build an authentic Mongol name.

The Medieval Names Archive is published by the Academy of Saint Gabriel and Sara L. Uckelman. It was historically published by Joshua Mittleman.
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